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    Arunachal mourns Tayeng's death

    ITANAGAR | Jan 24 | : People are thronging his house to pay their last respect. The final rites is scheduled tomorrow afternoon after the mortal remains is taken in a procession in the main thoroughfare of the township.

    Governor Lt. Gen. (Retd) Nirbhay Sharma and Chief Minister Nabam Tuki joined the people of Arunchal Pradesh in deeply mourning the untimely demise of former MP and minister Sobeng Tayeng today at his native village in Tafragam village after prolonged illness.

    Arunachal mourns 
Tayeng's death

    In his message, the governor termed Tayeng as an eminent social worker, who made valuable contributions to the nation and the state, in particular in his long political career. The state has lost a great idealistic politician and a noble statesman.
    The governor extended his condolences to the bereaved family and prayed for eternal peace of the departed soul.
    The state has lost one of the first generation leaders who served the state and the country in different capacities and brought a positive change in education and agriculture sectors, particularly in Lohit district, Tuki said.
    He will be remembered by the people for his invaluable contributions to the masses, CM said, while joining the people in mourning and praying for the soul to rest in eternal peace. (PRO) (CMMC)
    State BJP president Tai Tagak and former MP Tapir Gao led the rank and file of the party in mourning his death.
    Terming him as one the distinguished first generation leaders of the state, who was deeply committed to the welfare of the people and the poor and underprivileged sections of society and made valuable contributions to state building, both joined in mourning and praying for the eternal peace of the departed soul.
    BJP vice presidents Nakul Chai and Kenyir Ringu and others visited Tayengâ€(TM)s Tezu residence and paid floral tributes to the departed leader.
    Our Correspondent adds from Tezu: Expressing shock and grief at his demise, Tezu MLA Dr Mohesh Chai said he as one of the senior most political figures of the Mishmi community, whose demise is a big loss to our society which will be felt for long. "May his soul may rest in peace", he said in his condolence message.
    Taeng, 73, who died at 5.30 am today, is survived by two wives, two daughters and three sons.
    The entire shops and business establishments of Tezu downed their shutters as a mark of respect to the former minister.
    Born in 1942 at Bodaliang village of undivided Lohit district, Tayeng did his schooling at Dimbe (Timai Ghat) Lower Primary School in 1947, Govt. Middle School, Tezu and Govt. HSS, Tezu. He graduated from Banaras Hindu University and passed MA (English) from Guwahati University before starting his political career as a councilor of NEFA in 1971.He served as forest minister in P K Thongon ministry.
    He planned for systematic opening of Tezu HQs r of Lohit district and took the pains to establish Tafragam, Loiliang, Teluliang, Jhalukbari, Changliang, Hathiduba, 32 Mile, Bekhuliang villages in inaccessible and remote locations.
    He was elected to Lok Sabha as a Congress (I) candidate from Western Parliamentary Constituency in 1980 by defeating his nearest rival Bakim Pertin (PPA).
    He was elected as MLA from Tezu Assembly seat in 1994 to become the Agriculture Minister in Gegong Apang ministry till 1999.
    He is credited with numerous revolutionary development initiatives, including setting up of VKV at Tafragam and Sunpura for meeting the demand of quality education scenario in Lohit district besides launching an agriculture revolution in Tafragam and Loiliang village.
    Sobeng Tayeng was Minister for Agriculture, Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, and Cooperation (1975-79), Arunachal Pradesh Social Welfare Board member (1971-73) Arunachal Pradesh Council counsellor (1972-75) and MLA (1975-79).

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    Campaign on violence against women

    ITANAGAR | Jan 24 | : With an unbelievable rise in the trend of violence against women (VAW) in India, the Itanagar unit of Indo Global Social Service Society (IGSSS) conducted a campaign on VAW or gender based violence (GBV) at ESS Sector youth club here today.
    Youth carrying placards and banners organised a peaceful rally to draw the attention of the civil society to bring an end to discrimination and violence against the fairer sex.

    Campaign on violence against women

    It provided a platform for the youth to come out of their customary sensitivity to raise voice publicly against injustice to women.
    Social workers Dilwar Hussain of Nehru Yuva Kendra, Maryom Ete of National Youth Corps and Langkung Ragia called upon the youth to realise their social responsibility and be disciplined for others to emulate. The youth have to be the torchbearers for the greater welfare of the society, they said with conviction, according to an IGSSS release.
    Violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women and that violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position compared with men.
    Oxfam, quoting National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data in 2012 for India, had reported that 93,000 rape cases were pending, FIRs filed by police for rape rose by 2.9% in 2012, 63.9% of rape case were investigated, 95% of cases investigated were charge-sheeted, fewer than 15% of rape cases came to trial in 2012, 24.2% of rape trials resulted in a conviction while close relatives of acquaintances of the victims were accused in 98% rape cases.
    In 2013, United Nations Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) adopted, by consensus, Agreed Conclusions on the elimination and prevention of all forms of violence against women and girls (formerly, there were no agreed-upon conclusions).
    President Pranab Mukherjee on Feb 3, 2013 has given his assent to stricter laws to check crime against women, particularly cases of sexual assault, including death penalty for extreme rape cases.
    As per the amended law, a rape convict can be sentenced to rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than 20 years, which may even extend to remainder of the convictâ€(TM)s natural life. It also provides for death sentence to repeated offenders. And for the first time, stalking and voyeurism have been defined as non-bailable offences, if repeated for a second time, while acid attack convicts can get a 10-year jail sentence.
    The Delhi gang rape incident, on Dec 16, 2012, where a 23-year-old female physiotherapy intern was beaten and gang raped that led to her death stirred the conscience of the nation resulting in nation-wide protest that culminated in the amendment of the criminal law.
    Alas …. there has been hardly any difference and the violence against women continues shaming humanity.

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    Is China daily not aware?

    By Pradeep Kumar, : Arunachal never part of Tibet

    Tawang was part of Tibet until the British lopped it off from that country through the 1914 Shimla accord that was never accepted by China. Even after Sir Henry McMahon demarcated the boundary between Tibet and British India making Tawang a part of India, no attempt was made to administer Tawang until April 1938, when a small British force led by Captain GS Lightfoot went in and tried to evict Tibetan officials. Lhasa protested strongly and Tibetan authority was restored after Lightfoot's brief stay at Tawang.
    For more than three years after Independence, Delhi did not establish its authority over Tawang. In end-1950, then Assam governor sent a team of officials led by the Major Ralengnao Bob Khating - assistant political officer to North East Frontier Agency (later Arunachal) - to Tawang. Pema Gombu of Lhou village near Tawang, who guided this team, wrote in his memoirs about how the Indian team pushed out Tibetan officials from Tawang. The Indian tricolour flew for the first time in Tawang in early 1951.
    Tawang was the most prosperous province of Tibet and accounted for a third of that country's economy. According to records at Tawang, most of the food consumed in Tibet was grown here. These records also dwell on the migration of the Monpas, the tribals of Tawang, from central Tibet from the early centuries of the last millennium.
    In the 11th century, Monpas came under the influence of Buddhism. Missionaries of the Gelugpa sect of Mahayana Buddhism from central Tibet brought Monpas into their fold in the early 17th century. The Tawang monastery, the second-largest in Asia after Lhasa's Potala Palace, is a Gelugpa seat. Monpas inhabit the Cuona district of Tibet, where they're known as Menbas. The Monpas in Tawang and Cuona use the Tibetan script and calendar. According to respected scholar Tsewang Norbu, author of 'Monpas of Tawang', there were seven waves of Monpa migration to Tawang from Tibet, and most of these took place during the time of the 4th and 5th Dalai Lamas.
    The 6th Dalai Lama, who was from Tawang, is still loved by Tibetans and the love songs he penned are very popular in both Tibet and Tawang. Ancient texts at the Tawang monastery say 14-year-old Tsangyang Gyatso was identified as a reincarnation of the 5th Dalai Lama and taken to Lhasa from Urgelling in 1697.
    But for the first-time, Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama has said that Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh, a territory that's still claimed by China, is part of India.
    Acknowledging the validity of the MacMohan Line as per the 1914 Simla Agreement in an interview to Navbharat Times on June 4, 2008, he said that Arunchal Pradesh was a part of India under the agreement signed by Tibetan and British representatives.
    In 2003, while touring Tawang, the Dalai Lama had been asked to comment on the issue, but had refused to give a direct answer, saying that Arunachal was actually part of Tibet. China doesn't recognize the MacMohan Line and claims that Tawang and Arunachal Pradesh are part of its territory.

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    Byaling for cutting edge innovative technology

    ITANAGAR | Jan 24 | : Power (Electrical) Minister Tanga Byaling, while taking part in a conference at Mumbai on Thursday, advocated introducing cutting edge innovation and future ready technologies to facilitate smart rural electrifications.

    Union Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises Minister Anant Geete was chief guest of the conference, on the theme "Smart electricity for emerging market, an initiative of Indian Electrical & Electronics Manufacturers' Association (IEEMA) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) for showcasing intelligent electricity networks and efficient energy eco-systems through INTELEC, according to an official release.
    The conference took up issues on smart electricity for emerging markets and the exposition focus on the connected intelligence in the electricity for both urban agglomerates and rural India.
    Terming the event an unique opportunity for the equipment manufacturers to effectively showcase their latest equipment, technology and services and interact with utility officials from across the country, Byaling, speaking as guest of honour, underscored the importance of introducing new technologies, particularly in rural India, in an innovative way for smart electrification to help the rural population to avail electricity.

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    Rs 60 lakh for Koronu anchal block growth

    ROING | Jan 24 | : Mutchu: Put general welfare above individual need

    Horticulture Parliamentary Secretary Mutchu Mithi asked his constituent and village leaders to put general welfare above individual needs, while touring his home constituency on Thursday, a release said.

    Rs 60 lakh for Koronu anchal block growth

    Saying that earlier participation in politics was done only for individual gains, he said that now was the time to think of common good and bringing new ways and ideas to promote public welfare, adding that people should adopt a sustainable livelihood like horticulture and agriculture instead of depending on politicians for petty contracts.
    With the commitment to develop Koronu anchal block as a model block, he announced Rs 60 lakh fund from his MLALAD, in two installments, stating that this was to meet all the developmental requirements there.
    He, further, informed that in the coming year another anchal block will be selected which will cover the four anchal blocks in the Roing constituency.
    The tour that aimed to bring all stakeholders together on a common platform to discuss challenges and issues, like general living condition, income generation and to promote general welfare thinking, witnessed a gathering of government officials, PRI, village leaders, public and students at Rehko village, where Mutchu interacted with them.
    During the discussion, people raised issues like absence of regular headmaster and teachers at Koronu Secondary School, Assamese encroachment near Bhismaknagar village, theft of motorbikes, non-availability of health officials and medicines at the Koronu Community Health Centre and drinking water issues.
    Accompanied by DC Shiv Kumar, SP Rajneesh Gupta, Koronu AC Monti Linggi, Koronu ASM Ateko Mena and HoDs, he later inspected the Koronu circle office, flood erosion near river Inju, Koronu CHC and Injonu Residential School, it informed.

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  • Local

    Mamta new K/Kumey DC

    ITANAGAR | Jan 24 | (AFND) | , Jan 24, 2015: APCS-I (SG) officer Mamta Riba, who made the presence of art & culture department felt as director umpteen times, particularly during Indiaâ€(TM)s first World Tourism Mart at Guwahati during January 18-20, 2013, joined as deputy commissioner of Kurung Kumey district on Jan 22 last, to become the first woman DC in the district.

    The panchayat leaders, led by ZPC Sangha Tagik, while welcoming the decision of the GoAP, expressed hope that the remote district would witness a new era of development under her leadership.

    SDHDC to stage dharna

    NAHARLAGUN | Jan 24 | , Jan 24, 2015: The Siang District Head Quarter Demand Committee (SDHDC) has decided to stage a peaceful dharna near Takar Complex adjacent to State Legislative Assembly here during 9 am to 3 pm on Jan 28 next to demand immediate cancellation of recent GoAP notification, declaring Pangin as a temporary HQ of Siang district, and Boleng as HQs.

    R-day message

    ITANAGAR | Jan 24 | , Jan 24, 2015: Arunachal Pradesh state governorâ€(TM)s Republic Day message will be telecast by DDK here between 8 to 9 am on January 26, while the AIR Itanagar, Pasighat, Ziro, Tezu and Tawang will relay it during 9-9.20 am the same day.

    SBA conducted

    SEPPA | Jan 24 | , Jan 24, 2015: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) with the motto â€~ Clean the unclean townâ€(TM) was conducted jointly by East Kameng Social Welfare & Cultural Organisation (EKSWCO) and All East Kameng Capital Complex Studentsâ€(TM) Welfare Association (AEKCCSWA) today here, a release said.
    Before the cleaning drive, medical officer Dr Dirang Pizi spoke on health, hygiene and sanitation, where officers, PRI members, NGOs, business communities, colony leaders, college and other students took part.

    The cleaning drive led by AEKCCSWA and EKSWCO social service secretary Bangram Lamgu and Blagang Dada, respectively, cleaned the township including the District Hospital here.

    Security beefed up ahead of R-day

    PASIGHAT | Jan 24 | , Jan 24, 2015: East Siang police force to tighten security ahead of 66th Republic Day to tackle any untoward situation as the district prepares for the celebration, this was disclosed during the first coordination meeting of the newly appointed Pasighat DIG LH Shanliana with the police officers.

    SP Arya informed that strict checking in all entry-gates of ILPs, luggages, documents of vehicles, etc., has been intensified, apart from police personnel patrolling and regular checking in hotels, restaurants, labour camps, vehicles and commuters on roads in the township are being conducted without disturbing the civiliansâ€(TM) rights.
    Adequate personnel will be deployed in and around the township to prevent any regretful incident and security forces have been prepared for a peaceful and smooth Republic Day celebration, Arya said, advising the senior officers to guide the personnel on duty.
    Saying that police have privileges as well as added responsibilities, DIG asked all police personnel to be impartial, respect every citizen while guaranteeing their rights and spread traffic awareness by visiting schools and colleges to reduce road accidents.
    Stressing that police should work on confidence building of the people towards the citizens, he asked them to interact with the public leaders and NGOs, while doing their duty in restoring law and order for overall development. (DIPRO)

    APSLSA conducts legal literacy class in school

    ITANAGAR | Jan 24 |, Jan 24, 2015: A legal literacy class was conducted at JNK Public School here by Arunachal Pradesh State Legal Services Authority (APSLSA), in collaboration with the school, under State Plan of Action of 2014-2015, enlightening more than 100 students of class VIII-X, a release said.

    The programme included talks on legal aid, availability of various legal services schemes like Protection of Women from Sexual Harassment, Human Rights and Arunachal Pradesh Victim Compensation Scheme-2011 by District & Sessions Judge-cum- State Legal Services Authority (SLSA) member secretary Budi Habung, SLSA OSD Dani Belo and advocate Sunil Mow and Deepa Yoka as resource persons, it informed.
    The school principal SC Kurian also emphasized the importance of law and its awareness, while Yoka dwelt on topics like protection of women from sexual harassment and Mow spoke on human rights.
    Later on during the interaction round, a large number of students asked questions on issues like outraging the modesty of girls, legal recourses in case of violation of oneâ€(TM)s rights, child labour, etc., which were clarified by the resource persons.
    A short film on human rights and sexual harassment of women was also shown to the students.

    'Adopt Schools' programme launched: DC

    PASIGHAT | Jan 24 | , Jan 24, 2015: Efforts and dedication should show some visible change especially bringing improvement in the education scenario of the district, East Siang DC Nidhi Srivastava said in a coordination meeting attended by MP, MLAs and administrative officers of the district, at the conference hall here, Thursday.

    In the meeting, the DC also launched â€~Adopt Schoolsâ€(TM) programme which received an overwhelming response from MP, MLAs and administrative officers of the district as Lok Sabha MP Ninong Ering adopted Pasighat DEM Higher Secondary School, while Parliamentary Secy. Tatung Jamoh and MLA Kento Rina adopted Sille and Koyu HS Schools respectively. Meanwhile, Mebo MLA Lombo Tayeng and Pasighat MLA Kaling Moyong have assured to adopt schools in their respective areas soon. The districtâ€(TM)s ADCs, EACs and COs has also adopted schools, hoping that the initiative will start a movement for better school administration.
    Saying that some issues cannot be redressed by the education department alone, she appealed MP and MLAs to spare some funds under their respective LAD funds to construct additional classrooms, toilets etc., by adopting schools.
    Similarly, pointing out that leaders and officers, with the help of their colleague officers, could oversee the various ongoing rural and urban welfare schemes/projects, running in the district, and issues like restoration of electricity, water supply, maintenance of toilets, renovation of roads to schools, etc.
    Further, she declared that she would adopt Gandhi Sec. School and assured to take special care for betterment of the school by interacting with the school fraternity, at least once or twice in a week, taking classes and if necessary, she will participate in the class with students to monitor teaching-student interaction.
    Drop boxes will be placed in schools where the general public and officials can drop new or used stationery items for poor students, she informed.
    However, she said that those adopting the schools should not supersede principals/headmasters and SMCs including experienced teachersâ€(TM) duty or power as it may hamper their routine work, adding that even the school authorities should learn to take in healthy criticism as it was the key to improvement. (DIPRO)

    ABK urges ANSU to defer 12-hr bandh

    ITANAGAR | Jan 24 | , Jan 24, 2015: Adi Baane Kebang (ABK) appealed to All Nyishi Studentsâ€(TM) Union (ANSU) to reschedule its proposed 12-hours capital bandh proposed on Feb 2 next, which coincides with the annual Donggin festival of the Adi community, a release said.
    The bandh by restricting the movement of the community members on the festival day would hamper the celebration at Solung Mopin ground here, ABK asked the Union to consider its decision to facilitate its smooth celebration.

    Death mourned

    PAPUM PARE | Jan 24 | , Jan 24, 2015: Arunachal Teachersâ€(TM) Association (ATA), Papum Pare district unit, has expressed deep remorse over the death of Taw Lugu, a Silsango Government primary school teacher, around 9:15 pm on Thursday last.
    Lagu is survived by his two wives, four sons and two daughters.
    The members conveyed their deep sense of condolences to the bereaved family and prayed for the eternal peace of the departed soul.

    FLCC camp conducted

    DOIMUKH | Jan 24 |, Jan 24, 2015: Financial Literacy and Credit Counselling (FLCC) camp and the house old survey and opening of PMJDY account was conducted at Nimte anchal segment under Sagalee circle by Doimukh branch of State Cooperative Apex Bank on Thursday last, a release said.
    The maiden FLCC camp was attended by Bankâ€(TM)s DGM SC Kandpal, along with zonal manager Nabam Tati and Doimukh branch manager Licha Kojum.

    Kandpal advised the villagers to avail the benefits like Mukhya Mantri Paryatan Vikas Yojna (MMPVY), National Scheduled Tribe Finance & Development Corporation (NSTFDC) schemes and other micro-agri-allied facilities from the bank, while Tati highlighted about various benefits along with the PMJDY bank account would facilitate.
    NN Charitable chairman Nangbia Amar appreciated the bankers and NABARD for their untiring efforts in this regard.
    The national mission â€~Sab Ka Sath Sab Ka Vikashâ€(TM) is being carried out by the NN Charitable for Sagalee and Mengio areas, which are being supervised and monitored by the bankers, it informed.

    Youths advised to stay away from drugs, alcohol

    DOIMUKH | Jan 24 |, Jan 24, 2015: Doimukh ZPM Tana Yayo has advised youths to keep away from drug and alcohol addiction and devote their time and energy for the development of the society.
    She was addressing a 2 day-long NSS camp, which concluded here on Friday. Yayo further appealed all to keep their surroundings clean and spread the message of Swatch Bharat to every corner of the state.

    The camp inaugurated by Yupia DDSE Tana Tagui Tara, included activities such as educational sessions on harmful effects of drugs and alcohol, awareness relating to health, social evils and cultural values of Nyishi community.
    NSS programme officer J Mishra, Doimukh medical officer, CDPO, GHSS vice principal Nabam Rungi and PRI members attended the camp.

    Changlang declared champion dist

    ITANAGAR I Jan 24 I , Jan 24, 2015: A team of students of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyapith run by R K Mossang Memorial Society and Orphan Care Society of Changlang district was declared champion district during a five day-long state SSA organized programme at Dera Natung College to mark International Girlsâ€(TM) Day here recently.

    NIT conducts book fair-cum-exhibition

    YUPIA | Jan 24 | , Jan 24, 2015: The two-day Book Fair-cum-Exhibition-2nd edition, organised by National Institute of Technology, started today, a release said.
    The book fair aimed at propagating the spirit of â€~make reading a habitâ€(TM) among the NIT students which is an initiative of the Arunachal NIT director prof. CT Bhunia, it said, informing that 22 vendors from all over the country are participating in the event.
    It further added that UG, PG and research programmes students, members of faculty thronged the event.

    Unconscious man in RKMH

    ITANAGAR | Jan 24 | , Jan 24, 2015: The above unidentified patient, still unconscious, has been admitted to R K Mission Hospital here. No relative has come forward to help him. The hospital authority has urged his near and dear ones to contact the emergency department immediately.

    Unconscious man in RKMH

    Waii International Hotel inaugurated

    By Staff Reporter , BHALUKPONG | Jan 24 | , Jan 24, 2015: Much to everyoneâ€(TM)s delight particularly to tourists, Waii International Hotel, a luxury hotel was inaugurated here by PHED and Water Supply Parliamentary Secretary Kumsi Sidisow here on Friday, in presence of RWD Minister Kumar Waii was also present on the occasion.
    Thousands of tourists visit Tawang, West Kameng and East Kameng districts, who arrive at Bhalukpong in West Kameng district, the gate way to these districts.

    Waii International Hotel inaugurated

    The new hotel is owned by the Waii Infra Private Limited, an Itanagar-based private company.
    In his inaugural address, Sidisow, who is also local MLA, said that the hotel would provide the much needed relief to the tourists. He hoped that it would offer quality services while creating job opportunities for local unemployed youth.
    Overlooking the scenic beauty of Kameng River and Pakhui Wild Life Sanctuary, the hotel located along the interstate bourder boasts of 26 luxury deluxe rooms and suites, equipped with all modern amenities, the first of its kinds in the area. It also equipped with a world class conference hall to accommodate 200 people.
    Its multi-cuisine restaurant offers a plethora of continental, oriental and Indian dishes to meet the demands of food lovers with experienced chefs ready to serve.
    The well-stocked bar is ready to offer a wide variety of liquors, Karaole lounge with mini-bar to cater to the guests. For shopaholic it offers shopping center with top brand garments. The hotel has also top-class gym where men and women can have work-out to remain physical fitness besides a billiard room.

  • Culture

    Ancient science, modern science: The rationality of being irrational

    By L D Kala, Jan 24, 2015: Column: Of the chicken and egg stories

    Aranmula is village in Kerala where Asary brothers create wonder with iron ore when they produce mirror from it with a crude furnace and some sort of meditation. This sort of metallurgical process may never have come across any of the modern metallurgists. Is it prudent enough to brush this aside as a mystic act? Or is it that the realm of science is yet to reach such dimensions to be explained?

    May be one day science will be able to decode and derive the scientific repeatability in it. Because science ever keeps on evolving and deriving newer rules of nature and hence not been having permanent axioms. But what is unique to science that it keeps on correcting its own principles when it confronts the actual observations having aberrations from the accepted norms of the times. Our scientific community needs to be more rational while evaluating our feats of ancient past; lest we may acknowledge some of these from the westerly winds.
    The latest edition of Indian Science Congress had a session named â€" Ancient Science through Sanskrit. A section of scientific community and not so scientific community both raised their eyebrows towards this session. This bewilderment emerged out of the usual habit of undermining anything that is originating from Indiaâ€(TM)s ancient past. For them it was an act of â€~India obsessed brigadeâ€(TM) which was here to make folly of the event. But truly speaking is it also a kind of fixation not to grant the civilization any credit for its genuine contribution in the ancient past? This may be anything but scientific in attitude. They look to western science always to pronounce if a particular contribution is from the Indian academicians of yore.
    Science stands for questioning but does certainly not advise rank rubbishing. Any concept or argument that does not seem to testify the scientific tenets should be evaluated before concluding anything. The very habit of discarding an argument without testifying on the basis of scientific scrutiny is again unscientific.
    There is enough evidence of India had been pioneer in astronomy and mathematics in the ancient era and hence we are well conversed with the names like Aryabhatta, Varahamihira, Bhaskara and many others. A theorem known to our mathematics text books as the Pythagorus Theorem, in all probability was actually deduced by Baudhayana in his Sulba Sutras much earlier. Celebrated British Physicist Astronomer Stephen Hawking quotes from academic papers published in 1901 by the German researcher Albert Buerk when he writes, "Not only the Pythagorus theorem was known and proved in all its generality by the Indians long before the date of Pythagorus (about 580-500 BC), but that they had also discovered the irrational." Hawking further adds from Buerk that, "… So far from Indian geometry being indebted to the Greek, the much travelled Pythagorus probably obtained his theory from India" (God Created the Integers, Page 18). Though, Hawking continues with the talk of criticisms of Buerkâ€(TM)s above works.
    During the course of conducting research for the film â€~Vedic Mathematicsâ€(TM), which later won the National Award for Best Scientific Film, this issue confronted the film makers. Our access to the experts of the subject and the literature brought to our knowledge by them made it amply clear that it was Baudhayana, had also propounded the similar theorem as by Greek mathematician Pythagorus. I remember how Dr. Devi Prasad Tripathi of the Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Kindriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetham, New Delhi went at great length to explain that indeed it was Baudhayan in about 600 BC to have presented proof of the theorem, much earlier than Pythagorus.
    The debate on the connection between imagination and mythology, history and science is "a necessary one", opines Dr. D. Balasubramanain, a celebrated scientist, formerly director of the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, a Unescoâ€(TM)s Kalinga Prize winner for science popularization and an acclaimed science writer (The Hindu, 2014). He recalls the interesting response made by a scientist Sharath Ananthamurthy to an article by television commentator Karan Thapar questioning silence of Indian scientific community on some of the mythological examples being claimed as examples of scientific achievements. Ananthamurthy talks of three varieties of scientists in India. One is too embarrassed to react; the second type is indifferent to such claims and is comfortable in their labs as long as research funds keep flowing and the third type who go around giving speeches around on such mythological instances in their zeal to "recover our great Indian heritage." He however regrets that in all this, we may lose sight of some of the achievements that ancient India made, such as in mathematics, astronomy, metallurgy and so on.
    We may not always be taking meekly of our ancient achievements merely on the pretext that it has not yet been ratified by the western scientific community and work for its recognition if it is aligning with the modern science while keeping in mind that science itself has been evolving.
    (The Delhi-based columnist is a technologist, science writer and a science film maker, can be contacted at email â€" ldkala@yahoo.com. Your views are welcome)

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